The Golden Retriever is among the most common dog breeds in the United States. The friendly, tolerant attitude of the breed makes them fabulous family pets and their intelligence makes them working dogs highly capable.
Golden Retrievers excel in hunting game, tracking, sniffing out law enforcement contraband, and as therapy and assistance dogs. They are natural athletes as well and do well in dog sports like agility and competitive obedience.
Golden Retriever Vital Statistics
Dog Breed Group: Sporting Dogs
Height: 1 foot, 9 inches to 2 feet tall at the shoulder
Weight: 55 to 75 pounds
Life Span: 10 to 12 years
More About Golden Breed
No wonder the Golden Retriever is one of the top ten most popular dogs in the United States. With the Golden, it’s all good: he’s highly intelligent, sociable, loyal and beautiful.
He is always full of liveliness. The Golden is slow to mature and maintains a puppy’s dumb, cheerful nature until the age of three or four, which can be both fun and irritating. Many keep their puppy characteristics until old age.
Originally bred for the physically challenging job of picking up ducks and other hunters’ fowls, the Golden requires regular exercise: a walk or jog, free time in the yard, a run at the beach or lake (Goldens love water), or a fetch game. And like other smart breeds bred for work, they need a job to do, such as getting the paper, waking up family members or competing in dog sports. A Golden Tired is a well-behaved Golden.
In addition to doing physical and mental activity with your Golden Retriever, you should always be prepared to include him in your family activities. The Golden Retriever is a family dog and he wants to be with his “gang.” Don’t worry about getting a Golden unless you’re able to keep him with you in the house every day, underfoot.
There is another possible drawback for the breed: He is certainly not a watchdog. When strangers come around he might bark, but don’t count on it. Most possibly, the signature Golden Grin would wag his tail and flash away.
Highlights on my mine
Golden Retrievers shed in abundance, particularly during spring and fall. Daily brushing will remove some of the loose hair from the coat, preventing it from settling down on your clothes and all over your home. But if you’re living with a Golden, you’re going to have to get used to the dog hair.
Golden Retrievers are family dogs; with their human “pack” they prefer to stay indoors, and do not spend hours alone in the backyard.
Golden Retrievers are healthy dogs requiring 40-60 minutes of intense daily exercise. They excel on obedience training, agility lessons, and other canine sports, which are a perfect way to exercise the dog both physically and mentally.
Goldens enjoy food, so if overfed they’ll easily become overweight. Limit the medications, weigh the daily kibble of your dog, and feed him at regular meals, instead of leaving food out all the time.
Despite being gentle and trustworthy with children, Golden Retrievers are boisterous, large dogs who can unintentionally knock over a small child.
Size of Golden Breed
Males are 23-24 inches tall and weigh between 65-75 pounds. In general, females are 21.5 to 22.5 inches tall, and 55 to 65 pounds. Typically, Golden Retrievers achieve their maximum height by one year, and their mature weight by two.
A sweet, calm nature is the race’s hallmark. The Golden was bred for people to work with, and is happy to please its owner. Though hard-wired with a positive temperament, the Golden must, like all dogs, be well-educated and well-trained to make the most of his heritage.
Like any dog, when young, the Golden needs early socialization — exposure to many different people, sights, sounds and experiences. Socialization helps to make sure your Golden puppy grows up into a well-rounded dog.
Goldens are usually good but they are susceptible to other health problems like other breeds. Not all Goldens will get any or all of these diseases, but if you are considering this breed it is important to be aware of them.
When you buy a puppy, find a decent breeder to give you safety clearances for the parents of each of your puppy’s. Health clearances prove a dog has been screened for and cleared of a particular disease.
In Goldens, safety clearances for hip dysplasia (with a ranking of average or better), elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand ‘s disease should be expected from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA); from the Auburn University for thrombopathy; and from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) certifying normal eyes. Check the OFA web site (offa.org) to confirm health clearances.
Golden Retrievers are built for action and they love romps outdoors. If you like hiking or jogging, your Golden would be able to come along with you. So if you feel like tossing a ball into the backyard, they’d be more than happy to join you; Goldens loves to catch, true to their titles.
Squeezing them out twice a day with 20-30 minutes of vigorous exercise will keep your dog mellow when he’s inside. But slacking on the task could lead to issues with behaviour.
Like other breeds of retrievers, Goldens are usually “mouthy,” and they are happiest when they have anything to hold in their mouths: a ball, a soft toy, a newspaper or, at best, a smelly sock.
If you are raising a Golden puppy, you’ll need to take extra care. Such dogs develop very quickly from four and seven months of age, making them vulnerable and bone disorders. Don’t allow your Golden puppy to run and play on really rough surfaces like concrete until it’s at least two years old and its joints are completely formed. Standard grass play is perfect, and so are the agility lessons for puppies.
Feeding my golden
2 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food per day, divided into two meals.
NOTE: The amount of food your adult dog consumes depends on its height, age, build, metabolism, and level of activity. Much like humans, dogs are individuals, and they don’t all need the same amount of food. It almost goes without saying that more than a couch potato dog we require a highly active dog.
The consistency of the dog food you purchase also makes a difference — the better the dog food, the more it’s going to feed your dog, and the less you’re going to have to shake in your dog’s bowl.
Keep your Golden in good condition by weighing his food and feeding him twice a day instead of continually leaving food out. If you’re not sure if he’s overweight, then give him the eye check and the hands-on exam.
Next, track him down. You should be in a spot to see a neck. Then put your hands on his back, thumbs along the spine, extending the fingers downward. You should be able to feel, without having to push hard, but not see his ribs. He requires less food, and more exercise, if you can’t.
Golden Retrievers have a compact outer coat that is water-repellent with a smooth undercoat. Some coats are straight and others are wavy. The fur feathers with heavier feathering on the arms, back of the thighs and tail on the back of the front legs and underbody.
Golden Retrievers, from white to dark gold, come in various shades of gold. Some breeders have begun offering “rare white Goldens,” but the American Kennel Club doesn’t accept white as the breed’s coat color.
In winter and summer, Golden Retrievers shed mildly, and in spring and fall, heavily. If you stay with a Puppy, in your house and on your clothing you’ll need to adjust to a certain amount of dog hair.
The thick coat of The Golden means plenty of grooming. Regular brushing is recommended to avoid tangling, although the bare minimum is once a week. The Golden will also require a bath at least once a month to keep him looking and smelling healthy, even more often.
Wash your Golden teeth at least two to three times a week to avoid the buildup of tartar and the bacteria hiding behind it. Even better is the regular brushing if you want to avoid gum disease and bad breath.
Children risk ??
The cool Golden Retriever is not disturbed by children’s noise and commotion — in fact he’s thriving on it. However, he’s a large, heavy dog and by accident he can easily knock on a small kid.
As with any breed, you should always teach kids how to approach and handle dogs, and always supervise any contact between dogs and young kids to prevent either party from biting or pulling ears or tails. Teach your child never to touch any dog while eating or sleeping, or attempt to take away food from the dog. No dog should ever be left unsupervised with a child, no matter how sweet.